Newborn Vaccinations in Mursfreeboro, TN

Helton Family Medicine, a Mursfreeboro Family Doctor provides newborn vaccinations. Located in Mursfreeboro, TN, Helton Family is the leader in newborn care health care.

Vaccines are an important way to protect your baby from life-threatening diseases. 

They work best when they are given at certain ages, with some vaccines given over a series of properly spaced doses. They are started at birth and many are required before starting school.

Vaccines work by imitating infection of a certain disease in your child’s body. This prompts your child’s immune system to develop weapons called antibodies. These antibodies fight the disease that the vaccine is meant to prevent. With antibodies in place, your child’s body can defeat future infection from the disease.

Most Common Vaccines are:
DTaP = Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis
Hib = Haemophilus influenzae type b
MMR = Measles, Mumps, Rubella

Vaccinations aren’t given all at once after a baby is born. Each is given on a different stages and on timeline. They’re mostly spaced throughout the first 24 months of a child’s life, and many are given as a combination shot.

Don’t worry — you don’t have to remember the vaccination schedule all by yourself. Your child’s doctor will guide you through the process. 

Newborn

  • Hepatitis B (1)

2 months

  • Hepatitis B (2)
  • DTaP (1)
  • Hib (1)
  • Polio (1)
  • Pneumococcal (1)
  • Rotavirus (1)

4 months

  • DTaP (2)
  • Hib (2)
  • Polio (2)
  • Pneumococcal (2)
  • Rotavirus (2)

6 months

  • Hepatitis B (3)
  • DTaP (3)
  • Hib (3)
  • Polio (3)
  • Pneumococcal (3)
  • Rotavirus (3)

12 to 18 months

  • DTaP (4)
  • Hib (4)
  • Pneumococcal (4)
  • MMR (1)
  • Varicella (1)
  • Hepatitis A (1)

18 to 24 months

  • Hepatitis A (2)

4 to 6 years

  • DTaP (5)
  • Polio (4)
  • MMR (2)
  • Varicella (2)

Yearly after 6 months

  • DTaP (5)
  • Polio (4)
  • MMR (2)
  • Varicella (2)

Vaccine-preventable diseases are much less common than they used to be, thanks to vaccination.  But they have not gone away. Outbreaks of some of these diseases still occur across the United States. When fewer babies get vaccinated, more babies get sick.

Diphtheria (the ‘D’ in DTaP vaccine)
Signs and symptoms include a thick coating in the back of the throat that can make it hard to breathe.
Diphtheria can lead to breathing problems, paralysis and heart failure.
About 15,000 people died each year in the U.S. from diphtheria before there was a vaccine.
Tetanus (the ‘T’ in DTaP vaccine; also known as Lockjaw)
Signs and symptoms include painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body.

Tetanus can lead to stiffness of the jaw that can make it difficult to open the mouth or swallow.
Tetanus kills about 1 person out of every 10 who get it.

Pertussis (the ‘P’ in DTaP vaccine, also known as Whooping Cough)
Signs and symptoms include violent coughing spells that can make it hard for a baby to eat, drink, or breathe. These spells can last for several weeks.
Pertussis can lead to pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, or death. Pertussis can be very dangerous in infants.
Most pertussis deaths are in babies younger than 3 months of age.

Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b)
Signs and symptoms can include fever, headache, stiff neck, cough, and shortness of breath. There might not be any signs or symptoms in mild cases.
Hib can lead to meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord coverings); pneumonia; infections of the ears, sinuses, blood, joints, bones, and covering of the heart; brain damage; severe swelling of the throat, making it hard to breathe; and deafness.
Children younger than 5 years of age are at greatest risk for Hib disease.

Hepatitis B
Signs and symptoms include tiredness, diarrhea and vomiting, jaundice (yellow skin or eyes), and pain in muscles, joints and stomach. But usually there are no signs or symptoms at all.
Hepatitis B can lead to liver damage, and liver cancer. Some people develop chronic (long term) hepatitis B infection. These people might not look or feel sick, but they can infect others.
Hepatitis B can cause liver damage and cancer in 1 child out of 4 who are chronically infected.

Polio
Signs and symptoms can include flu-like illness, or there may be no signs or symptoms at all.
Polio can lead to permanent paralysis (can’t move an arm or leg, or sometimes can’t breathe) and death.
In the 1950s, polio paralyzed more than 15,000 people every year in the U.S.

Pneumococcal Disease
Signs and symptoms include fever, chills, cough, and chest pain. In infants, symptoms can also include meningitis, seizures, and sometimes rash.
Pneumococcal disease can lead to meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord coverings); infections of the ears, sinuses and blood; pneumonia; deafness; and brain damage.
About 1 out of 15 children who get pneumococcal meningitis will die from the infection.

Children usually catch these diseases from other children or adults, who might not even know they are infected. A mother infected with hepatitis B can infect her baby at birth. Tetanus enters the body through a cut or wound; it is not spread from person to person.

I’m Dr. Helton.

I started practicing medicine in the year 2000, and over the past 18 years have treated and served over 15,000 patients. I’m the current president of the Middle Tennessee chapter of Family Physicians, an Executive board member of the Tennessee Academy of Family Physicians and Chairman of St. Thomas Rutherford Hospital Family Medicine Department.

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